When Bromocriptine Could Be Prescribed
One of the less common causes of infertility is hyperprolactinemic amenorrhea. This condition is caused by a benign tumour on the pituitary gland, which will cause the secretion of too much prolactin. Prolactin is a hormone which can inhibit ovulation as it reduces oestrogen levels. If a doctor diagnoses it is likely that bromocriptine will be prescribed.
Bromocriptine can also be prescribed for the male partner if his infertility issues can be linked to his pituitary gland.
How Bromocriptine Works
Bromocriptine works by reducing prolactin levels. Typically treatment will take a few months until the levels have reached what are considered to be within the normal range, and the patient’s periods have returned.
Bromocriptine can be taken either as a pessary or a pill. It is considered to be safe to take this fertility medication for several years. It will be taken two to three times per day. Many couples will conceive after the woman’s periods have returned after a course of bromocriptine without any additional type of fertility treatment. B-crip, Parlodel and Proctinal, are the names that you may find for this medication.
90% of women will start to ovulate again whilst taking this fertility medication. Unlike Clomifene and other fertility medication, there is no extra risk of multiple births with this fertility drug.
Some studies have shown that it can also reduce the chance of miscarriage for those women who have prolactin levels which are too high. Women who have an over-abundance of prolactin circulating in their system can experience a greater incidence of multiple miscarriages.
Bromocriptine-What Are The Possible Side Effects?
It is recommended to avoid taking grapefruit juice and alcohol while on bromocriptine. There are a range of common side effects associated with is but these should go after a few weeks, once you have stopped taking it.
The common side effects include fatigue, headaches, indigestions, a higher sensitivity to the cold in toes and fingers especially, dry mouth, diarrhoea, dizziness, drowsiness, stuffy nose, stomach cramps, nausea, loss of appetite and light headedness.
There are also some women who may not be resistant to it or not able to tolerate it, in which case they will be offered Cabergoline.
Some of the more extreme possible side effects are anaphylaxis, blood clots and strokes, which would be a very rare side effect.
If anaphylaxis occurs, get urgent medical help straight away. Anaphylaxis is a sudden allergic reaction which can occur with other medication also, and it is recognisable by extreme systems such as difficulty in breathing or swallowing, and swelling of the throat, lips, tongue and mouth.
Blood clots are a risk factor for any medication which changes the hormonal balance in the body. There is a risk that these can be fatal. Depending on the location of a blood clot, the symptoms can be different. Any symptoms should not be ignored and medical help should be sought urgently.
There is a slight elevation of the risk of stroke when taking bromocriptine and it is a very rare side effect. Symptoms of stroke include drooping of one side the face, a feeling of heaviness on one side of the body, sudden headache, loss of vision-partially or fully, tremor and slurred speech. Do not hesitate for a moment, and call an ambulance immediately.
Anyone who wishes to become pregnant will benefit from leading a healthy lifestyle and for those who need to take bromocriptine or any form of fertility medication, this will be very important. It will help both you to deal with side effects, which can even be reduced by leading a healthy lifestyle. It will of course help your changes of a healthy pregnancy if and when you do conceive.